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Transition Metal Carbides (TMCs) catalysts for gas phase CO2 upgrading reactions: a comprehensive overview

Zhang, Qi, Pastor-Perez, L., Gu, S. and Ramirez Reina, Tomas (2020) Transition Metal Carbides (TMCs) catalysts for gas phase CO2 upgrading reactions: a comprehensive overview Catalysts.

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Increasing demand for CO2 utilization reactions and the stable character of CO2 have motivated the interest in developing highly active, selective and stable catalysts. Precious metal catalysts have been studied extensively due to their high activities, but their implementation for industrial applications is hindered due to their elevated cost. Among the materials which have comparatively low prices, transition metal carbides (TMCs) are deemed to display catalytic properties similar to Pt-group metals (Ru, Rh, Pd, Ir, Pt) in several reactions such as hydrogenation and dehydrogenation processes. In addition, they are excellent substrates to disperse metallic particles. Hence, the unique properties of TMCs make them ideal substitutes for precious metals resulting in promising catalysts for CO2 utilization reactions. This work aims to provide a comprehensive overview of recent advances on TMCs catalysts towards gas phase CO2 utilization processes, such as CO2 methanation, reverse water gas shift (rWGS) and dry reforming of methane (DRM). We have carefully analyzed synthesis procedures, performances and limitations of different TMCs catalysts. Insights on material characteristics such as crystal structure and surface chemistry and their connection with the catalytic activity are also critically reviewed.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
Pastor-Perez, L.
Gu, S.
Ramirez Reina,
Date : 14 August 2020
Funders : Department of Chemical and Process Engineering at the University of Surrey, EPSRC
Grant Title : EPSRC Grant
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020 by the authors. Submitted for possible open access publication under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Projects : APOSTD2017 fellowship, CO2Chem
Additional Information : Embargo OK Metadata Pending
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 18 Aug 2020 10:30
Last Modified : 18 Aug 2020 10:30

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