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A cost-benefit assessment of Salmonella-control strategies in pigs reared in the United Kingdom

Gavin, C., Simons, R.R.L., Berriman, A.D.C., Moorhouse, D., Snary, E.L., Smith, R.P. and Hill, A.A. (2018) A cost-benefit assessment of Salmonella-control strategies in pigs reared in the United Kingdom PREVENTIVE VETERINARY MEDICINE, 160. pp. 54-62.

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Pork and pork products are a major source of human salmonellosis in the United Kingdom (UK). Despite a number of surveillance programmes, the prevalence of Salmonella in the UK slaughter pig population remains over 20%. Here, we present the results of a Cost-Benefit Analysis comparing five on-farm control strategies (where the cost is the cost of implementation and the benefits are the financial savings for both the human health and pig industries). The interventions considered were: wet feed, organic acids in feed, vaccination, enhanced cleaning and disinfection and movement of outdoor breeding units. The data originate from published papers and recent UK studies. The effectiveness was assessed by adapting a previous risk assessment, originally developed for the European Food Safety Authority. Using this method, none of the intervention strategies produced a net cost-benefit. Our results suggest that the cost of implementation outweighed the savings for all interventions, even if the effectiveness could be improved. Therefore, to achieve a net cost-benefit it is essential to reduce the cost of interventions. Analyses concluded that large cost reductions (up to 96%) would be required. Use of organic acids required the smallest reduction in cost (22.7%) to achieve a net cost benefit. Uncertainty analysis suggested that a small net gain might be possible, for some of the intervention measures. But this would imply that the model greatly underestimated some key parameters, which was considered unlikely. Areas of key uncertainty were identified as the under-reporting factor (i.e. the proportion of community cases of Salmonella) and the source attribution factor (i.e. the proportion of human Salmonella cases attributable to pork products).

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
Gavin, C.
Simons, R.R.L.
Berriman, A.D.C.
Moorhouse, D.
Snary, E.L.
Smith, R.P.
Date : 15 November 2018
Funders : UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2018.09.022
Copyright Disclaimer : Crown Copyright © 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Salmonella; Pigs; Cost-benefit analysis
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 27 Jan 2020 16:20
Last Modified : 27 Jan 2020 16:20

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