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What Competences, Which migrants? Tacit and Explicit Knowledge Acquired via Migration

Baláž, V., Williams, A. M., Moravčíková, K. and Chrančoková, M. (2019) What Competences, Which migrants? Tacit and Explicit Knowledge Acquired via Migration Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

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This paper analyses the links between the competences acquired via international migration, and the tacit versus explicit knowledge which are encapsulated in these. Whereas most research in this area utilises qualitative methods, this paper utilises a mixed methods approach. It draws on an online quantitative survey of the skills and competences acquired by young Slovak migrants (N = 366), complemented by more traditional in-depth interviews, with a sample of 52 Slovak migrants. The Slovak informants mostly valued those competences which included a distinctive component of tacit knowledge: higher self-confidence and an improved ability to deal with challenges. Migrants simultaneously drew on several types of tacit knowledge (embrained, embedded, encultured and embodied), and a major finding is that in practice these different categories of knowledge are blurred. There are also socio-demographic differences in migrants’ experiences. Both the quantitative and qualitative analyses indicated that women benefited far more than men from the acquisition of the tacit components of embodied, encultured and embedded knowledge. Migrants with tertiary education reported significantly higher acquisition of all types of competences than those who only had secondary education.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Hospitality and Tourism Management
Authors :
Baláž, V.
Williams, A.
Moravčíková, K.
Chrančoková, M.
Date : 1 October 2019
Funders : The European Union's Horizon 2020 programme YMOBILITY, Slovak VEGA grant, Slovak APVV grant
DOI : 10.1080/1369183X.2019.1679409
Copyright Disclaimer : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies on [date of publication], available online:
Uncontrolled Keywords : International migration; Tacit knowledge; Skills and competences
Additional Information : This research was supported by the European Union's Horizon 2020 programme YMOBILITY, Grant/Award Number: 649491; Slovak VEGA grant, Grant/Award Number: 2/0010/14.1 and Slovak APVV grant, Grant/Award Number: APVV-14-0324.
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 06 Nov 2019 10:56
Last Modified : 06 Nov 2019 16:52

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