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High and odd impact exercise training improved physical function and fall risk factors in community-dwelling older men

Allison, S.J., Brooke-Wavell, K. and Folland, J. (2018) High and odd impact exercise training improved physical function and fall risk factors in community-dwelling older men Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 18 (1). pp. 100-107.

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High impact exercise programmes can improve bone strength, but little is known about whether this type of training further benefits fracture risk by improving physical function in older people.


This study investigated the influence of high impact exercise on balance, muscle function and morphology in older men.


Fifty, healthy men (65-80 years) were assigned to a 6-month multidirectional hopping programme (TG) and twenty age and physical activity matched volunteers served as controls (CG). Before and after training, muscle function (hop performance, leg press and plantar- and dorsiflexion strength) and physiological determinants (muscle thickness and architecture) as well as balance control (sway path, one leg stance duration) were measured. Resting gastrocnemius medialis (GM) muscle thickness and architecture were assessed using ultrasonography.


Significant improvements in hop impulse (+12%), isometric leg-press strength (+4%) and ankle plantarflexion strength (+11%), dorsiflexor strength (+20%) were found in the TG compared to the CG (ANOVA interaction, P˂0.05) and unilateral stance time improved over time for TG. GM muscle thickness indicated modest hypertrophy (+4%), but muscle architecture was unchanged.


The positive changes in strength and balance after high impact and odd impact training would be expected to improve physical function in older adults.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
Brooke-Wavell, K.
Folland, J.
Date : March 2018
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019 Hylonome Publications. This is an open access article, published under the CC-BY-NC-SA licence. Please see for details.
Uncontrolled Keywords : High Impact Exercise; Neuromuscular Function; Balance Control; Postural Sway
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 26 Sep 2019 09:10
Last Modified : 26 Sep 2019 09:10

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