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Impact source localisation in aerospace composite structures

De Simone, Mario Emanuele, Ciampa, Francesco, Boccardi, Salvatore and Meo, Michele (2017) Impact source localisation in aerospace composite structures Smart Materials and Structures, 26 (12), 125026.

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The most commonly encountered type of damage in aircraft composite structures is caused by low-velocity impacts due to foreign objects such as hail stones, tool drops and bird strikes. Often these events can cause severe internal material damage that is difficult to detect and may lead to a significant reduction of the structure’s strength and fatigue life. For this reason there is an urgent need to develop structural health monitoring systems able to localise low-velocity impacts in both metallic and composite components as they occur. This article proposes a novel monitoring system for impact localisation in aluminium and composite structures, which is able to determine the impact location in real-time without a-priori knowledge of the mechanical properties of the material. This method relies on an optimal configuration of receiving sensors, which allows linearization of well-known nonlinear systems of equations for the estimation of the impact location. The proposed algorithm is based on the time of arrival identification of the elastic waves generated by the impact source using the Akaike Information Criterion. The proposed approach was demonstrated successfully on both isotropic and orthotropic materials by using a network of closely spaced surface-bonded piezoelectric transducers. The results obtained show the validity of the proposed algorithm, since the impact sources were detected with a high level of accuracy. The proposed impact detection system overcomes current limitations of other methods and can be retrofitted easily on existing aerospace structures allowing timely detection of an impact event.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Authors :
De Simone, Mario Emanuele
Boccardi, Salvatore
Meo, Michele
Date : 14 November 2017
DOI : 10.1088/1361-665X/aa973e
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd
Uncontrolled Keywords : Impact localisation; Composite materials; Wave propagation
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 17 Sep 2019 09:46
Last Modified : 17 Sep 2019 09:46

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