University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Tin(iv) dopant removal through anti-solvent engineering enabling tin based perovskite solar cells with high charge carrier mobilities

Bandara, R. M. I., Jayawardena, K. D. G. I., Adeyemo, S. O., Hinder, S. J., Smith, J. A., Thirimanne, H. M., Wong, N. C., Amin, F. M., Freestone, B. G., Parnell, A. J. , Lidzey, D. G., Joyce, H. J., Sporea, R. A. and Silva, S. R. P. (2019) Tin(iv) dopant removal through anti-solvent engineering enabling tin based perovskite solar cells with high charge carrier mobilities Journal of Materials Chemistry C.

Tin(IV) dopant removal.pdf - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (3MB) | Preview


We report the need for careful selection of anti-solvents for Sn-based perovskite solar cells fabricated through the commonly used anti-solvent method, compared to their Pb-based counterparts. This, in combination with the film processing conditions used, enables the complete removal of unwanted Sn4+ dopants, through engineering the anti-solvent method for Sn-based perovskites. Using a Cs0.05(FA0.83MA0.17)0.95Pb0.5Sn0.5I3 perovskite, charge carrier mobilities of 32 ± 3 cm2 V−1 s−1 (the highest reported for such systems through the optical-pump terahertz probe technique) together with ∼28 mA cm−2 short circuit current densities are achieved. A champion efficiency of 11.6% was obtained for solvent extraction using toluene (an 80% enhancement in efficiency compared to the other anti-solvents) which is further improved to 12.04% following optimised anti-solvent wash and thermal treatment. Our work highlights the importance of anti-solvents in managing defects for high efficiency low bandgap perovskite materials and develops the potential for all-perovskite tandem solar cells.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering
Authors :
Bandara, R. M. I.
Jayawardena, K. D. G.
Adeyemo, S. O.
Hinder, S. J.
Smith, J. A.
Thirimanne, H.
Wong, N. C.
Amin, F. M.
Freestone, B. G.
Parnell, A. J.
Lidzey, D. G.
Joyce, H. J.
Sporea, R.
Silva, S. R.
Date : 25 June 2019
Funders : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), European Commission H2020, University of Surrey, European Research Council (ERC)
DOI : 10.1039/C9TC02003A
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence.
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 01 Jul 2019 08:32
Last Modified : 01 Jul 2019 11:05

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800