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Evaluation of railway versus highway emissions using LCA approach between the two cities of Middle Anatolia

Bilgili, Levent, Kuzu, S. Levent, Çetinkaya, Afşın Y. and Kumar, Prashant (2019) Evaluation of railway versus highway emissions using LCA approach between the two cities of Middle Anatolia Sustainable Cities and Society, 49, 101635. pp. 1-8.

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Transfer of people and transportation of goods is an indispensable part of our daily lives. Choosing the most environmentally friendly alternative will have the least impact on human health, ecosystem, and the materials. This study aims to carry out a comparative assessment of various emission scenarios from highway and railway transportation between Kırşehir and Niğde-Ulukışla in the middle Anatolian Peninsula, in Turkey, to allow making an optimum decision from an environmental viewpoint. Currently, the transportation is sustained through highway, which has 232.6 km length between the cities used as a case study. High-speed railway construction is projected on the same route. We formed different capacity alternatives as alternative scenarios and life cycle assessment approach was applied to these scenarios. Environmental damage ratio decreased with the increasing utilization ratio of the railway. The greatest change was seen in ecosystem quality. We also assessed emissions during the construction activities of both railway and highway. A social cost-benefit analysis suggested that damage cost in the current situation was €562,000. The scenario with 100% replacement of highway with railway transportation showed the lowest damage cost (€157,000) while the highest damage cost was due to NOx emissions.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
Bilgili, Levent
Kuzu, S. Levent
Çetinkaya, Afşın Y.
Date : August 2019
Funders : University of Surrey
DOI : 10.1016/j.scs.2019.101635
Grant Title : Global Challenge Research Fund (GCRF)
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Uncontrolled Keywords : Life cycle assessment; Sustainability; Social cost-benefit analysis; Transportation; 34 Emissions
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 05 Jun 2019 08:13
Last Modified : 31 May 2020 02:08

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