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A Survey on Electromagnetic Risk Assessment and Evaluation Mechanism for Future Wireless Communication Systems

Jamshed, Muhammad Ali, Heliot, Fabien and Brown, Tim (2019) A Survey on Electromagnetic Risk Assessment and Evaluation Mechanism for Future Wireless Communication Systems IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology.

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The accurate measurement of electromagnetic exposure and its application is expected to become more and more important in future wireless communication systems, given the explosion in both the number of wireless devices and equipments radiating electromagnetic-fields(EMF)and the growing concerns in the general public linked to it. Indeed, the next generation of wireless systems aims at providing a higher data rate,better quality of service(QoS), and lower latency to users by increasing the number of access points,i.e.densification, which in turn will increase EMF exposure. Similarly, the multiplication of future connected devices,e.g. internet of things(IoT)devices, will also contribute to an increase in EMF exposure. This paper provides a detailed survey relating to the potential health hazards linked with EMF exposure and the different metrics that are currently used for evaluating,limiting and mitigating the effects of this type of exposure on the general public. This paper also reviews the possible impacts of new wireless technologies on EMF exposure and proposes some novel research directions for updating the EMF exposure evaluation framework and addressing these impacts in future wireless communication systems. For instance, the impact of mmWave or massive-MIMO/beamforming on EMF exposure has yet to be fully understood and included in the exposure evaluation framework.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering
Authors :
Jamshed, Muhammad
Date : 20 May 2019
Funders : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
DOI : 10.1109/JERM.2019.2917766
Grant Title : Electro-magnetic field exposure reduction/avoidance for the next generations of wireless communication systems
Uncontrolled Keywords : Electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure metric; Risk assessment; Health and safety; Future wireless communication; Wireless communication; Measurement; Electromagnetics; Radio frequency; Risk management; Microwave communication; Biology
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 28 May 2019 11:55
Last Modified : 28 May 2019 11:57

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