University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Systematic review and consensus definitions for the Standardised Endpoints in Perioperative Medicine (StEP) initiative: infection and sepsis

Barnes, J., Hunter, J., Harris, S., Shankar-Hari, M., Diouf, E., Jammer, I., Kalkman, C., Klein, A.A., Corcoran, T., Dieleman, S. , Grocott, M.P.W., Mythen, M.G., Myles, P., Gan, T.J., Kurz, A., Peyton, P., Sessler, D., Tramèr, M., Cyna, A., De Oliveira, G.S., Wu, C., Jensen, M., Kehlet, H., Botti, M., Boney, O., Haller, G., Grocott, M., Cook, T., Fleisher, L., Neuman, M., Story, D., Gruen, R., Bampoe, S., Evered, L., Scott, D., Silbert, B., van Dijk, D., Chan, M., Grocott, H., Eckenhoff, R., Rasmussen, L., Eriksson, L., Beattie, S., Wijeysundera, D., Landoni, G., Leslie, K., Biccard, B., Howell, S., Nagele, P., Richards, T., Lamy, A., Lalu, M., Pearse, R., Mythen, M., Canet, J., Moller, A., Gin, T., Schultz, M., Pelosi, P., Gabreu, M., Futier, E., Creagh-Brown, Ben, Fowler, A., Abbott, T., Klein, A., Cooper, D.J., McIlroy, D., Bellomo, R., Shaw, A., Prowle, J., Karkouti, K., Billings, J., Mazer, D., Jayarajah, M., Murphy, M., Bartoszko, J., Sneyd, R., Morris, S., George, R., Moonesinghe, R., Shulman, M., Lane-Fall, M., Nilsson, U., Stevenson, N., Cooper, J.D., van Klei, W., Cabrini, L., Miller, T., Pace, N., Jackson, S., Buggy, D., Short, T., Riedel, B., Gottumukkala, V., Alkhaffaf, B. and Johnson, M. (2019) Systematic review and consensus definitions for the Standardised Endpoints in Perioperative Medicine (StEP) initiative: infection and sepsis British Journal of Anaesthesia, 122 (4). pp. 500-508.

Full text not available from this repository.



Perioperative infection and sepsis are of fundamental concern to perioperative clinicians. However, standardised endpoints are either poorly defined or not routinely implemented. The Standardised Endpoints in Perioperative Medicine (StEP) initiative was established to derive a set of standardised endpoints for use in perioperative clinical trials.


We undertook a systematic review to identify measures of infection and sepsis used in the perioperative literature. A multi-round Delphi consensus process that included more than 60 clinician researchers was then used to refine a recommended list of outcome measures.


A literature search yielded 1857 titles of which 255 met inclusion criteria for endpoint extraction. A long list of endpoints, with definitions and timescales, was generated and those potentially relevant to infection and sepsis circulated to the theme subgroup and then the wider StEP-COMPAC working group, undergoing a three-stage Delphi process. The response rates for Delphi rounds 1, 3, and 3 were 89% (n=8), 67% (n=62), and 80% (n=8), respectively. A set of 13 endpoints including fever, surgical site, and organ-specific infections as defined by the US Centres for Disease Control and Sepsis-3 are proposed for future use.


We defined a consensus list of standardised endpoints related to infection and sepsis for perioperative trials using an established and rigorous approach. Each endpoint was evaluated with respect to validity, reliability, feasibility, and patient centredness. One or more of these should be considered for inclusion in future perioperative clinical trials assessing infection, sepsis, or both, thereby permitting synthesis and comparison of future results.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
Barnes, J.
Hunter, J.
Harris, S.
Shankar-Hari, M.
Diouf, E.
Jammer, I.
Kalkman, C.
Klein, A.A.
Corcoran, T.
Dieleman, S.
Grocott, M.P.W.
Mythen, M.G.
Myles, P.
Gan, T.J.
Kurz, A.
Peyton, P.
Sessler, D.
Tramèr, M.
Cyna, A.
De Oliveira, G.S.
Wu, C.
Jensen, M.
Kehlet, H.
Botti, M.
Boney, O.
Haller, G.
Grocott, M.
Cook, T.
Fleisher, L.
Neuman, M.
Story, D.
Gruen, R.
Bampoe, S.
Evered, L.
Scott, D.
Silbert, B.
van Dijk, D.
Chan, M.
Grocott, H.
Eckenhoff, R.
Rasmussen, L.
Eriksson, L.
Beattie, S.
Wijeysundera, D.
Landoni, G.
Leslie, K.
Biccard, B.
Howell, S.
Nagele, P.
Richards, T.
Lamy, A.
Lalu, M.
Pearse, R.
Mythen, M.
Canet, J.
Moller, A.
Gin, T.
Schultz, M.
Pelosi, P.
Gabreu, M.
Futier, E.
Fowler, A.
Abbott, T.
Klein, A.
Cooper, D.J.
McIlroy, D.
Bellomo, R.
Shaw, A.
Prowle, J.
Karkouti, K.
Billings, J.
Mazer, D.
Jayarajah, M.
Murphy, M.
Bartoszko, J.
Sneyd, R.
Morris, S.
George, R.
Moonesinghe, R.
Shulman, M.
Lane-Fall, M.
Nilsson, U.
Stevenson, N.
Cooper, J.D.
van Klei, W.
Cabrini, L.
Miller, T.
Pace, N.
Jackson, S.
Buggy, D.
Short, T.
Riedel, B.
Gottumukkala, V.
Alkhaffaf, B.
Johnson, M.
Date : 14 February 2019
Funders : National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)
DOI : 10.1016/j.bja.2019.01.009
Uncontrolled Keywords : Core outcome measures; Infection; Perioperative medicine; Postoperative outcome; Sepsis; Standardised endpoints; Surgical site infection
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 18 Mar 2019 09:54
Last Modified : 19 Mar 2019 10:21

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800