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Comparison of the Lcr wave TOF and shear-wave spectrum methods for the uniaxial absolute stress evaluation of steel members

He, Jingbo, Li, Zuohua, Teng, Jun and Wang, Ying (2019) Comparison of the Lcr wave TOF and shear-wave spectrum methods for the uniaxial absolute stress evaluation of steel members Structural Control and Health Monitoring.

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The absolute stress of steel members is a key parameter for determining the performance of steel structures. Compared with other non-destructive evaluation methods, ultrasonic methods, which correlate material stress with ultrasonic velocity, have received the greatest amount of research attention. In this study, we investigated the measurement of the absolute stress distribution of steel members using two ultrasonic methods: a longitudinal critically refracted (Lcr) wave method and a shear wave method. The Lcr wave is generated from the longitudinal wave mode conversion and exhibits the greatest sensitivity to stress. The shear waves are generated by the birefringence effect, and their synthesis signal spectrum exhibits a minimum that varies with stress. A comparison of the two absolute stress evaluation methods is performed. Specifically, four steel members with identical dimensions and materials are used to investigate the discreteness of the calibrated parameters. The uniaxial absolute stress distributions of two steel members with variable cross-sections are measured using the two methods and verified using the traditional strain gauge method. The results show that the uniaxial stress distributions of the two steel members can be evaluated by both the Lcr wave time-of-flight (TOF) method and the shear-wave spectrum method, although the latter is more accurate for the measurement of stress distribution. Furthermore, the measurement principles, parametric calibrations, sensitivity, accuracy and repeatability of the two methods are compared, and their applicability is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
He, Jingbo
Li, Zuohua
Teng, Jun
Date : 2019
DOI : 10.1002/stc.2348
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Lcr wave TOF method; Shear-wave spectrum method; Uniaxial absolute stress; Steel members; Acoustoelastic effect; Birefringence effect; Non-destructive stress measurement
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 08 Mar 2019 14:55
Last Modified : 08 Mar 2019 14:55

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