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Finding the Right Management Approach in Independent Hotels

Nazarian, Alireza, Atkinson, Peter, Foroudi, Pantea and Dennis, Karen (2019) Finding the Right Management Approach in Independent Hotels International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 31 (7). pp. 2862-2883.

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This study identifies factors that managers can influence to improve effectiveness by examining the relationship between leadership and effectiveness in small and medium sized independent hotels.


272 valid questionnaires were collected from managers of 83 small and medium sized independent hotels in the Netherlands using selective and snowball sampling techniques. A two-stage structural equation modelling approach was used to test the hypotheses.


Surprisingly, in contradiction to previous studies neither transactional nor transformational leadership had a direct effect on organisational effectiveness. Instead, the effect was through the intervening variables of ability to acquire resources and reward mechanisms.

Research limitations/implications

The contradiction between this and previous studies may be due to the constructs used in this study not having the universal applicability that is customarily assumed and further investigation is needed.


Our study suggests that managers in this type of hotel, first, should be adaptable in their leadership style and not rely on transactional leadership alone; second, managers must pay attention to resource acquisition and, third, retain staff by using the right reward mechanism.


This study contributes to the literatures of leadership and effectiveness in small and medium sized independent hotels by being the first to focus on the impact of ability to acquire resources and reward mechanism. It also makes an important contribution to the growing body of hospitality literature that probes the supposed universal validity of organisational studies constructs.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
Nazarian, Alireza
Atkinson, Peter
Foroudi, Pantea
Date : 8 July 2019
DOI : 10.1108/IJCHM-08-2018-0700
Copyright Disclaimer : © Copyright 2019 Emerald Publishing Limited
Uncontrolled Keywords : Effectiveness; Leadership; Resource Acquisition; Rewards Mechanism; CVF
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 01 Mar 2019 11:55
Last Modified : 06 Sep 2019 11:59

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