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Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Farran, Emily K. and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette (2012) Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach Oxford Series in Developmental Cognkitive Neuroscience . Oxford University Press, USA, pp. 1-416. ISBN 9780191738166

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Nowadays, it is widely accepted that there is no single influence (be it nature or nurture) on cognitive development. Cognitive abilities emerge as a result of interactions between gene expression, cortical and subcortical brain networks, and environmental influences. In recent years, our study of neurodevelopmental disorders has provided much valuable information on how genes, brain development, behaviour, and environment interact to influence development from infancy to adulthood. This book presents evidence on development across the lifespan across these multiple levels of description (genetic, brain, cognitive, environmental). It chooses a well-defined disorder, Williams syndrome (WS), to explore the impact of genes, brain development, behaviour, as well as the individual's environment on development. WS is used as a model disorder to demonstrate the book's approach to understanding development, whilst being presented in comparison to other neurodevelopmental disorders - autism, developmental dyscalculia, Down syndrome, dyslexia, fragile X syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Specific Language Impairment, Turner syndrome - to illustrate differences in development across neurodevelopmental disorders. WS is particularly informative for exploring development. Firstly, it has been extensively researched at multiple levels: genes, brain, cognition, and behaviour as well as in terms of the difficulties of daily living and social interaction. Secondly, it has been studied across the lifespan, with many studies on infants and toddlers with WS as well as a large number on children, adolescents, and adults. The book also explores a number of domain-general and domain-specific processes in the verbal, non-verbal, and social domains, across numerous neurodevelopmental disorders. This illustrates, among other factors, the importance of developmental timing, i.e., that the development of a cognitive skill at a specific timepoint can impact on subsequent development within that domain, but also across domains. In addition, the chapters discuss the value of investigating basic-level abilities from as close to the infant start-state as possible, presenting evidence of where cross-syndrome comparisons have shed light on the cascading impacts of subtle similarities and discrepancies in early delay or deviance, on subsequent development.

Item Type: Book
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Farran, Emily
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette
Editors :
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette
Farran, Emily
Date : 24 May 2012
DOI : 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.001.0001
Copyright Disclaimer : © Oxford University Press, 2012. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Cognitive development; Gene expression; Brain networks; Environmental influences; Williams syndrome; Social interaction; Domains; Cross-syndrome comparisons
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 01 Jul 2019 16:23
Last Modified : 01 Jul 2019 16:23

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