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A Micro-Centrifugal Technique for Improved Assessment and Optimization of Nanomaterial Dispersions: The Case for Carbon Nanotubes

King, Simon, Castaldelli, Evandro, McCaffterty, Liam, Silva, S Ravi P and Stolojan, Vlad (2018) A Micro-Centrifugal Technique for Improved Assessment and Optimization of Nanomaterial Dispersions: The Case for Carbon Nanotubes ACS Applied Nano Materials, 1 (11). pp. 6217-6225.

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Large-scale incorporation of nanomaterials into manufactured materials can only take place if they are suitably dispersed and mobile within the constituent components, typically within a solution/ink formulation so that the additive process can commence. Natural hydrophobicity of many nanomaterials must be overcome for their successful incorporation into any solution-based manufacturing process. To date, this has been typically achieved using polymers or surfactants, rather than chemical functionalization, to preserve the remarkable properties of the nanomaterials. Quantifying surfactant or dispersion technique efficacy has been challenging. Here we introduce a new methodology to quantify dispersions applicable to high-weight fraction suspensions of most nanomaterials. It’s based on centrifuging and weighing residue of undispersed material. This enables the determination of the efficacy of surfactants to disperse nanomaterials (e.g. ultrasonication power and duration) and leads to increased nanomaterial solution loading. To demonstrate this technique, we assessed carbon nanotube dispersions using popular surfactants: Benzalkonium chloride (ADBAC), Brij®52, Brij®58, Pluronic®F127, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS), Triton™ X-100, Triton™X-405 and Tween®80, evaluating the dispersion outcome when varying sonicator power and horn depth, as well as imaging sono-intensity within the solution with luminol. The methodology is shown to be applicable for high-weight fraction nanomaterial suspensions, enabling greater deployment.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering
Authors :
Castaldelli, Evandro
McCaffterty, Liam
Silva, S Ravi
Date : 12 October 2018
Funders : EPSRC
DOI : 10.1021/acsanm.8b01410
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords : Carbon black; Carbon nanotubes; Micro-centrifugal technique; Nanomaterial dispersions; Nanopowders; Surfactants; Titanium oxide
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 17 Oct 2018 11:40
Last Modified : 13 Oct 2019 02:08

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