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Science and Technology Cooperation in Cross-border Regions: A Proximity Approach with Evidence for Northern Europe

Makkonen, Teemu, Williams, Allan M, Mitze, Timo and Weidenfeld, Adi (2018) Science and Technology Cooperation in Cross-border Regions: A Proximity Approach with Evidence for Northern Europe European Planning Studies, 26 (10). pp. 1961-1979.

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Given the sheer number of cross-border regions (CBRs) within the EU, their socio-economic importance has been recognized both by policy-makers and academics. Recently, the novel concept of cross-border regional innovation system has been introduced to guide the assessment of integration processes in CBRs. A central focus of this concept is set on analyzing the impact of varying types of proximity (cognitive, technological, etc.) on cross-border cooperation. Previous empirical applications of the concept have, however, relied on individual case studies and varying methodologies, thus complicating and constraining comparisons between different CBRs. Here a broader view is provided by comparing 28 Northern European CBRs. The empirical analysis utilizes economic, science and technology (S&T) statistics to construct proximity indicators and measures S&T integration in the context of cross-border cooperation. The findings from descriptive statistics and exploratory count data regressions show that technological and cognitive proximity measures are significantly related to S&T cooperation activities (cross-border co-publications and co-patents). Taken together, our empirical approach underlines the feasibility of utilizing the proximity approach for comparative analyses in CBR settings.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Hospitality and Tourism Management
Authors :
Makkonen, Teemu
Williams, Allan
Mitze, Timo
Weidenfeld, Adi
Date : 19 July 2018
DOI : 10.1080/09654313.2018.1500528
Copyright Disclaimer : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Planning Studies on 19 July 2018, available online:
Uncontrolled Keywords : Science and technology cooperation, proximity, cross-border integration, cross-border regional innovation system, cross-border region, Northern Europe
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 24 Jul 2018 09:28
Last Modified : 20 Jan 2020 02:08

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