University of Surrey

# Vibration Characteristics of Tapered Cantilever Beams.

Thomas, J. (1968) Vibration Characteristics of Tapered Cantilever Beams. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey (United Kingdom)..

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## Abstract

This thesis is concerned with the vibration characteristic of tapered rectangular cross-section cantilever beams with and without pretwist. A number of conventional methods of analysis of vibration problems are investigated and a finite difference method of solution of the differential equation of motion of a beam of uniform cross-section is presented. In this method the equation of motion is reduced to a set of linear simultaneous algebraic equations by replacing the derivatives in the equation of motion by their corresponding central difference relationships using a finite step length. The resulting simultaneous equations are expressed as a matrix equation and the natural frequencies and their corresponding mode shapes are obtained by an iteration technique. Successive closer approximations to the actual results are obtained by using successive smaller step lengths thus increasing the size of matrix. An extrapolation formula for obtaining a very close approximation to the true result from successive approximation is developed. The results are compared to the work of other investigators using other methods of analysis and good agreement is obtained. The method is extended to solve the equation of motion of tapered and pretwisted tapered beams in bending vibration, with and without including the shear and rotary inertia effects. The method is also extended to solve the equation of motion of torsional vibration of tapered and pretwisted tapered beams with and without warping effect. The effect of width and depth tapers on the bending vibration of a cantilever beam is studied by considering a beam of rectangular cross-section, thus eliminating the coupling due to non-coincident mass and elastic axis. The theoretical results obtained by the finite difference method for the frequencies and mode shapes of the first five modes for various width and depth tapers are presented. Experimental results obtained showed very good agreement with the theoretical results. The effect of depth and width tapers on the coupled bending-bending vibration of a beam is studied by considering a beam of square cross-section at the root, thus eliminating the coupling purely due to width to depth ratio of the beam cross-section. Theoretical results obtained showed good agreement with the experimental results for the first six modes presented. The effect of the root width to depth ratio on the frequency of vibration of a pretwisted tapered beam is investigated and the results are presented for tapered pretwisted beam for a range of root width to depth ratio. The effects of shear deformation and rotary inertia on the frequency of vibration of tapered and tapered pretwisted beams are studied and the theoretical results obtained are presented for a few selected taper ratios. Results obtained by applying the finite difference method in the analysis of torsional vibration of uniform cross-section beams are compared with the exact solution available in order to establish the accuracy of the method. Using this method the characteristics of tapered beams in torsional vibration are obtained. The frequencies and mode shapes of the first five modes are presented. Experimental results obtained showed good agreement with the theoretical results. The increase in torsional frequency of beams due to pretwist is investigated and results for uniform and some tapered beams are presented. Experimental results showed some agreement with the theoretical results. The effect of warping of the cross-sections in torsion when considered for short beams shows an increase in frequency of vibration as the length of the beam decreased. The theoretical and experimental results obtained for a uniform cross-section beam show some agreement. The theoretical results obtained for tapered beams are presented for the first few modes.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Divisions : Theses
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Thomas, J.
Date : 1968
Contributors :
ContributionNameEmailORCID
http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/THS
Additional Information : Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Surrey (United Kingdom), 1968.
Depositing User : EPrints Services
Date Deposited : 22 Jun 2018 15:16
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/848431