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Developing survey metrics for analysing cross-border proximity

Makkonen, T and Williams, Allan (2017) Developing survey metrics for analysing cross-border proximity Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 18 (1). pp. 114-121.

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Cross-border innovation cooperation (CBIC) has been heralded as one of the corner stones of innovation-driven growth opportunities for firms located in cross-border regions (CBRs). The success of this cooperation is affected by varying types of proximities identified in the literature as: geographical, institutional, cultural, cognitive, technological, organizational and social. Although the topic has been widely discussed, the validation of the concept of proximity vis-à-vis CBIC has been persistently hindered by a lack of readily available empirical metrics. Therefore, this research note attempts to operationalize the varying types of proximity – in relation to CBIC – in the form of a questionnaire tested through pilot studies of two CBRs, at the Finnish-Swedish and Danish-German border, and for two contrasting service industries, namely knowledge-intensive business services and tourism. The findings indicate that the developed survey metrics are effective in depicting the phenomenon of proximity. The foundational work undertaken in this research note provides a platform, and catalyst, for more extensive investigations of the topic.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Hospitality and Tourism Management
Authors :
Makkonen, T
Date : 30 November 2017
DOI : 10.1080/00167223.2017.1405734
Copyright Disclaimer : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography on 30 November 2017, available online:
Uncontrolled Keywords : : Cross-border region; Cross-border cooperation; Innovation; Knowledge intensive business services; Proximity; Tourism
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 22 Nov 2017 09:17
Last Modified : 30 May 2019 02:08

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