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Are There Gender Differences in Emotion Understanding? Analysis of the Test of Emotion Understanding

Fidalgo, A, Tenenbaum, Harriet and Aznar, A (2017) Are There Gender Differences in Emotion Understanding? Analysis of the Test of Emotion Understanding Journal of Child and Family Studies.

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This article examines gender differences in emotion understanding as measured by the Test of Emotion Comprehension (TEC). Answers to the TEC given by 353 English-speaking children (172 girls, 181 boys; age range = 3 to 8 years) were examined. First, the nine components of the TEC were analysed for differential item functioning (DIF), using gender as the grouping variable. To evaluate DIF, the Mantel-Haenszel method and logistic regression analysis were used applying the Educational Testing Service DIF classification criteria. Results showed that the TEC did not display gender DIF. Second, when absence of DIF had been corroborated, gender differences in the total TEC score and its components were examined. Girls scored higher than boys on the belief component. Several hypotheses are discussed that could explain the differences found between boys and girls in the belief component.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Fidalgo, A
Aznar, A
Date : 11 December 2017
DOI : 10.1007/s10826-017-0956-5
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Author(s) 2017<br /> This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Emotion understanding; Test of Emotion Comprehension; Gender differences; Differential item function; False belief task
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 26 Oct 2017 14:39
Last Modified : 16 Jan 2019 19:03

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