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A Stroop investigation of colour categorisation.

Laws, Glynis. (1993) A Stroop investigation of colour categorisation. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey (United Kingdom)..

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In order to assess Berlin and Kay's (1969) theory of linguistic universals and to test their proposal for an evolutionary hierarchy in the development of colour terms, linguists and anthropologists have sought reliable criteria on which to decide whether or not a colour term is "basic". Berlin and Kay's operational definition of basicness is essentially a list of linguistic criteria which emphasise the form, derivation and frequency of the word. The definition has been criticised for lack of theoretical justification and for operational difficulties. Research is reported which investigates the concept of basicness using the Stroop experiment, a method said to tap into the primitive operations of cognition (MacLeod, 1991). The experiments investigated the relationship between typicality and linguistic basicness in English; differences in the category structure for novices and experts; and the status of colour terms in Russian and Swahili, languages at different stages of the Berlin and Kay hierarchy. Results suggest that Stroop measures differentiate between colour processing and language effects. In particular, it is suggested that linguistic criteria neglect the underlying and essential link between language and colour categories and that linguistic basicness, according to the linguists' formulation, may not necessarily reflect category representation.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Divisions : Theses
Authors :
Laws, Glynis.
Date : 1993
Contributors :
Depositing User : EPrints Services
Date Deposited : 09 Nov 2017 12:16
Last Modified : 20 Jun 2018 11:08

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