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Comorbidities in preschool children at family risk of dyslexia

Gooch, Deborah, Hulme, C, Nash, HM and Snowling, MJ (2013) Comorbidities in preschool children at family risk of dyslexia Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55 (3). pp. 237-246.

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Comorbidity among developmental disorders such as dyslexia, language impairment, attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder is common. This study explores comorbid weaknesses in preschool children at family risk of dyslexia with and without language impairment and considers the role that comorbidity plays in determining children’s outcomes.


The preschool attention, executive function and motor skills of 112 children at family risk for dyslexia, 29 of whom also met criteria for language impairment, were assessed at ages 3½ and 4½ years. The performance of these children was compared to the performance of children with language impairment and typically developing controls.


Weaknesses in attention, executive function and motor skills were associated with language impairment rather than family risk status. Individual differences in language and executive function are strongly related during the preschool period, and preschool motor skills predicted unique variance (4%) in early reading skills over and above children’s language ability.


Comorbidity between developmental disorders can be observed in the preschool years: children with language impairment have significant and persistent weaknesses in motor skills and executive function compared to those without language impairment. Children’s early language and motor skills are predictors of children’s later reading skills.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Hulme, C
Nash, HM
Snowling, MJ
Date : 10 October 2013
DOI : 10.1111/jcpp.12139
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2013 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry © 2013 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK and 350 Main St, Malden, MA 02148, USA This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 19 Sep 2017 13:51
Last Modified : 16 Jan 2019 18:56

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