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Data analytic approach for manipulation detection in stock market

Zhai, Jia, Cao, Yi and Ding, Xuemei (2017) Data analytic approach for manipulation detection in stock market Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, 50 (3). pp. 897-932.

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The term ‘‘price manipulation’’ is used to describe the actions of ‘‘rogue’’ traders who employ carefully designed trading tactics to incur equity prices up or down to make profit. Such activities damage the proper functioning, integrity, and stability of the financial markets. In response to that, the regulators proposed new regulatory guidance to prohibit such activities on the financial markets. However, due to the lack of existing research and the implementation complexity, the application of those regulatory guidance, i.e. MiFID II in EU, is postponed to 2018. The existing studies exploring this issue either focus on empirical analysis of such cases, or propose detection models based on certain assumptions. The effective methods, based on analysing trading behaviour data, are not yet studied. This paper seeks to address that gap, and provides two data analytics based models. The first one, static model, detects manipulative behaviours through identifying abnormal patterns of trading activities. The activities are represented by transformed limit orders, in which the transformation method is proposed for partially reducing the nonstationarity nature of the financial data. The second one is hidden Markov model based dynamic model, which identifies the sequential and contextual changes in trading behaviours. Both models are evaluated using real stock tick data, which demonstrate their effectiveness on identifying a range of price manipulation scenarios, and outperforming the selected benchmarks. Thus, both models are shown to make a substantial contribution to the literature, and to offer a practical and effective approach to the identification of market manipulation.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
Zhai, Jia
Ding, Xuemei
Date : 3 July 2017
DOI : 10.1007/s11156-017-0650-0
Copyright Disclaimer : © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017
Uncontrolled Keywords : Stock manipulation; Data analytics; Hidden Markov model
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 11 Sep 2017 15:02
Last Modified : 04 Jul 2018 02:08

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