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Triboelectric Nanogenerators: Providing a Fundamental Framework

Dharmasena, Randunu Devage Ishara Gihan, Jayawardena, Imalka, Mills, Christopher, Deane, Jonathan, Anguita, Jose, Dorey, Robert and Silva, S (2017) Triboelectric Nanogenerators: Providing a Fundamental Framework Energy & Environmental Science, 10 (8). pp. 1801-1811.

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A new model which comprehensively explains the working principles of contact-mode Triboelectric Nanogenerators (TENGs) based on Maxwell’s equations is presented. Unlike previous models which are restricted to known simple geometries and derived using the parallel plate capacitor model, this model is generic and can be modified to a wide range of geometries and surface topographies. We introduce the concept of a distance-dependent electric field, a factor not taken in to account in previous models, to calculate the current, voltage, charge, and power output under different experimental conditions. The versatality of the model is demonstrated for non-planar geometry consisting of a covex-conave surface. The theoretical results show excellent agreement with experimental TENGs. Our model provides a complete understanding of the working principles of TENGs, and accurately predicts the output trends, which enables the design of more efficient TENG structures.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Advanced Technology Institute
Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Authors :
Dharmasena, Randunu Devage Ishara
Date : 13 July 2017
DOI : 10.1039/C7EE01139C
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2017 Royal Society of Chemistry
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 04 Jul 2017 13:07
Last Modified : 10 Jun 2019 12:59

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