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Relating environmental performance of nation states to income and income inequality

Morse, Stephen (2017) Relating environmental performance of nation states to income and income inequality Sustainable Development, 26 (1). pp. 99-115.

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The paper explores a number of ways in which environmental quality can be represented by indicators within empirical attempts to look for a relationship between environmental performance, income and income inequality. A total of 16 environmental performance indicators were selected where data were available at the national scale (180 countries), all of which were components of the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) published in early 2016, and included as dependent variables with income/capita (GDP/capita) and distribution of income (Gini coefficient) spanning nearly 20 years as independent variables. Data were analysed using Principal Components Regression. The results generate a rather complex picture whereby some of the EPI component indicators, notably those in the Environmental Health’ category, have a relationship with income and income distribution while others, especially those centred on ‘Ecosystem Vitality’ do not. The paper provides some of the first published evidence for a relationship between environmental performance and income distribution and discusses some of the possible causal factors.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environment and Sustainability
Authors :
Date : 1 August 2017
DOI : 10.1002/sd.1693
Copyright Disclaimer : This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Morse, S. (2017) Relating Environmental Performance of Nation States to Income and Income Inequality. Sust. Dev., doi: 10.1002/sd.1693, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Environmental indicators; Environmental Performance Index; GDP; Gini coefficient
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 25 May 2017 10:44
Last Modified : 01 Aug 2019 02:08

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