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A new Milky Way halo star cluster in the Southern Galactic Sky

Balbinot, E, Santiago, BX, Costa, LD, Maia, MAG, Majewski, SR, Nidever, D, Rocha-Pinto, HJ, Thomas, D, Wechsler, RH and Yanny, B (2012) A new Milky Way halo star cluster in the Southern Galactic Sky

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We report on the discovery of a new Milky Way companion stellar system located at (RA, Dec) = (22h10m43.15s, +14:56:58.8). The discovery was made using the eighth data release of SDSS after applying an automated method to search for overdensities in the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey footprint. Follow-up observations were performed using CFHT-MegaCam, which reveal that this system is comprised of an old stellar population, located at a distance of 31.9+1.0-1.6 kpc, with a half-light radius of r_h = 7.24+1.94-1.29 pc and a concentration parameter of c = 1.55. A systematic isochrone fit to its color-magnitude diagram resulted in log(age) = 10.07+0.05-0.03 and [Fe/H] = -1.58+0.08-0.13 . These quantities are typical of globular clusters in the MW halo. The newly found object is of low stellar mass, whose observed excess relative to the background is caused by 96 +/- 3 stars. The direct integration of its background decontaminated luminosity function leads to an absolute magnitude of MV = -1.21 +/- 0.66. The resulting surface brightness is uV = 25.9 mag/arcsec2 . Its position in the M_V vs. r_h diagram lies close to AM4 and Koposov 1, which are identified as star clusters. The object is most likely a very faint star cluster - one of the faintest and lowest mass systems yet identified.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
Santiago, BX
Costa, LD
Maia, MAG
Majewski, SR
Nidever, D
Rocha-Pinto, HJ
Thomas, D
Wechsler, RH
Yanny, B
Date : 24 December 2012
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/767/2/101
Uncontrolled Keywords : astro-ph.GA, astro-ph.GA, astro-ph.CO
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:22
Last Modified : 04 Dec 2019 16:13

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