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On the origin of high-velocity runaway stars

Gvaramadze, VV, Gualandris, A and Zwart, SP (2009) On the origin of high-velocity runaway stars MNRAS, 2009, 396, 570-578.

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We explore the hypothesis that some high-velocity runaway stars attain their peculiar velocities in the course of exchange encounters between hard massive binaries and a very massive star (either an ordinary 50-100 Msun star or a more massive one, formed through runaway mergers of ordinary stars in the core of a young massive star cluster). In this process, one of the binary components becomes gravitationally bound to the very massive star, while the second one is ejected, sometimes with a high speed. We performed three-body scattering experiments and found that early B-type stars (the progenitors of the majority of neutron stars) can be ejected with velocities of $\ga$ 200-400 km/s (typical of pulsars), while 3-4 Msun stars can attain velocities of $\ga$ 300-400 km/s (typical of the bound population of halo late B-type stars). We also found that the ejected stars can occasionally attain velocities exceeding the Milky Ways's escape velocity.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Gvaramadze, VV
Zwart, SP
Date : 4 March 2009
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:00
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 23:15

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