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Failure of small diameter cast iron pipes

Atkinson, K, Whiter, JT, Smith, PA and Mulheron, M (2002) Failure of small diameter cast iron pipes Urban Water, 4 (3). pp. 263-271.

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The in-service strength degradation, as a result of corrosion, of cast iron water distribution pipes has been investigated. The strengths of 1 m lengths of pipe extracted from the ground have been measured in either 3- or 4-point bending and the size of the controlling defect has been estimated by visual examination of the fracture surface. The application of Weibull statistics to the bend test data demonstrates that there is bimodal behaviour which suggests that there are two populations of flaws present. It is postulated that the larger flaw size population is associated with corrosion pits that form during the process of graphitisation, while the smaller flaw size population is associated with the inherent flaws within the (brittle) cast iron pipe material. A critical pit depth is identified at the transition between the two competing flaw populations, where there is a change in slope on the Weibull plot. It is shown also that the residual strength/pit depth data are described equally well by either of the two conventional analyses, i.e. loss of section and fracture mechanics. © 2002 Thames Water Utilities Ltd. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Atkinson, K
Whiter, JT
Date : 14 August 2002
DOI : 10.1016/S1462-0758(02)00004-3
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:52
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 23:00

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