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Effects of Surface Roughness on Airframe Noise

Liu, Y and Dowling, AP (2006) Effects of Surface Roughness on Airframe Noise In: The 12th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, AIAA 2006-2510., 2006-05-08 - 2006-05-10, Cambridge, US.

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The generation of sound by turbulent boundary layer flow at low Mach number over a rough wall is investigated by applying the theoretical model which describes the scattering of the turbulence near field into sound by roughness elements. Attention is focused on a numerical method to approximately quantify the absolute level of the roughness noise radiated to far field. Empirical models for the source statistics are obtained by scaling smooth-wall data by the increased skin friction velocity and boundary layer thickness for a rough surface. Numerical integration is performed to determine the roughness noise, and it reproduces the spectral characteristics of the available empirical formula and experimental data. Experiments are conducted to measure the radiated sound from two rough plates in an open jet by four 1/2" free-field condenser microphones. The measured noise spectra of the rough plates are above that of a smooth plate in 1-2.5 kHz frequency and exhibits encouraging agreement with the predicted spectra. Also, a phased microphone array is utilized to localize the sound source, and it confirms that the rough plates have higher acoustic source strengthes in this frequency range. A parametric study illustrates that the roughness height and roughness density significantly aect the far-field radiated roughness noise with the roughness height having the dominant eect. The estimates of the roughness noise for a Boeing 757 sized aircraft wing with idealized levels of surface roughness show that in high frequency region the sound radiated from surface roughness may exceed that from the trailing edge, and higher overall sound pressure levels for the roughness noise are also observed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Dowling, AP
Date : 10 May 2006
DOI : 10.2514/6.2006-2510
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:36
Last Modified : 23 Jan 2020 17:58

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