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Sting jets in intense winter North-Atlantic windstorms

Martínez-Alvarado, O, Gray, SL, Catto, JL and Clark, PA (2012) Sting jets in intense winter North-Atlantic windstorms Environmental Research Letters, 7 (2).

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Extratropical cyclones dominate autumn and winter weather over western Europe. The strongest cyclones, often termed windstorms, have a large socio-economic impact due to the strong surface winds and associated storm surges in coastal areas. Here we show that sting jets are a common feature of windstorms; up to a third of the 100 most intense North-Atlantic winter windstorms over the last two decades satisfy conditions for sting jets. The sting jet is a mesoscale descending airstream that can cause strong near-surface winds in the dry slot of the cyclone, a region not usually associated with strong winds. Despite their localized transient nature, these sting jets can cause significant damage, a prominent example being the storm that devastated southeast England on 16 October 1987. We present the first regional climatology of windstorms with sting jets. Previously analysed sting-jet cases appear to have been exceptional in their track over northwest Europe rather than in their strength. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Martínez-Alvarado, O
Gray, SL
Catto, JL
Date : 1 January 2012
DOI : 10.1088/1748-9326/7/2/024014
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:28
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 22:20

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