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Deciphering the metabolic response of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to nitrogen stress

Williams, KJ, Jenkins, VA, Barton, GR, Bryant, WA, Krishnan, N and Robertson, BD (2015) Deciphering the metabolic response of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to nitrogen stress Molecular Microbiology, 97 (6). pp. 1142-1157.

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© 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.A key component to the success of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a pathogen is the ability to sense and adapt metabolically to the diverse range of conditions encountered in vivo, such as oxygen tension, environmental pH and nutrient availability. Although nitrogen is an essential nutrient for every organism, little is known about the genes and pathways responsible for nitrogen assimilation in M. tuberculosis. In this study we have used transcriptomics and chromatin immunoprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing to address this. In response to nitrogen starvation, a total of 185 genes were significantly differentially expressed (96 up-regulated and 89 down regulated; 5% genome) highlighting several significant areas of metabolic change during nitrogen limitation such as nitrate/nitrite metabolism, aspartate metabolism and changes in cell wall biosynthesis. We identify GlnR as a regulator involved in the nitrogen response, controlling the expression of at least 33 genes in response to nitrogen limitation. We identify a consensus GlnR binding site and relate its location to known transcriptional start sites. We also show that the GlnR response regulator plays a very different role in M. tuberculosis to that in non-pathogenic mycobacteria, controlling genes involved in nitric oxide detoxification and intracellular survival instead of genes involved in nitrogen scavenging.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Jenkins, VA
Barton, GR
Bryant, WA
Krishnan, N
Robertson, BD
Date : 1 September 2015
DOI : 10.1111/mmi.13091
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:37
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 19:42

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