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Rac activation upon cell-cell contact formation is dependent on signaling from the epidermal growth factor receptor.

Betson, M, Lozano, E, Zhang, J and Braga, VM (2002) Rac activation upon cell-cell contact formation is dependent on signaling from the epidermal growth factor receptor. J Biol Chem, 277 (40). pp. 36962-36969.

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Cadherins are transmembrane receptors that mediate cell-cell adhesion. They play an essential role in embryonic development and maintenance of tissue architecture. The Rho family small GTPases regulate actin cytoskeletal dynamics in different cell types. The function of two family members, Rho and Rac, is required for the stability of cadherins at cell-cell contacts. Consistent with the published data we have found that Rac is activated upon induction of intercellular adhesion in epithelial cells. This activation is dependent on functional cadherins (Nakagawa, M., Fukata, M., Yamaga, M., Itoh, N., and Kaibuchi, K. (2001) J. Cell Sci. 114, 1829-1838; Noren, N. K., Niessen, C. M., Gumbiner, B. M., and Burridge, K. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 3305-3308). Here we show for the first time that clustering of cadherins using antibody-coated beads is sufficient to promote Rac activation. In the presence of Latrunculin B, Rac can be partially activated by antibody-clustered cadherins. These results suggest that actin polymerization is not required for initial Rac activation. Contrary to what has been described before, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases are not involved in Rac activation following cell-cell adhesion in keratinocytes. Interestingly, inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor signaling efficiently blocks the increased Rac-GTP levels observed after contact formation. We conclude that cadherin-dependent adhesion can activate Rac via epidermal growth factor receptor signaling.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Lozano, E
Zhang, J
Braga, VM
Date : 4 October 2002
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M207358200
Uncontrolled Keywords : Cadherins, Cell Adhesion, Cell Communication, Cells, Cultured, Humans, Keratinocytes, Kinetics, Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor, Time Factors, rac GTP-Binding Proteins
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:33
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 19:34

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