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Long-term survival of equine surgical colic cases. Part 1: patterns of mortality and morbidity.

Proudman, CJ, Smith, JE, Edwards, GB and French, NP (2002) Long-term survival of equine surgical colic cases. Part 1: patterns of mortality and morbidity. Equine Vet J, 34 (5). pp. 432-437.

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Postoperative complications and mortality can occur many weeks or months after colic surgery. We are interested in the long-term outcome of these cases. This study documents patterns of mortality and morbidity among 341 horses that recovered from colic surgery March 1998-August 2000. The progress of each horse was rigorously followed by periodic telephone and postal questionnaires. Event time data were recorded for each animal and a total of 321 horse years of survival, together with death from all causes, colic-related death and various postoperative complications. Postoperative survival (of all horses excluding grass sickness cases) was triphasic over the first 600 days and there was marked mortality in the first 10 days postoperatively. The probability of survival postoperatively decreased to 0.87 by 10 days, 0.82 by 100 days and declined slowly to 0.75 at 600 days. Horses suffering from epiploic foramen entrapment had a significantly reduced probability of postoperative survival (RR = 2.1, P = 0.033). The causes of death for 104 horses that died postoperatively and the prevalence of postoperative complications are recorded for the study population. Postoperative colic was the most prevalent complication with 100 horses (29%) suffering one or more episodes. However, only 16 horses (4.6%) suffered 3 or more episodes. The incidence of postoperative colic was 0.55 episodes/horse year at risk. This study provides data that will inform the prognosis for postoperative colic cases and identifies epiploic foramen entrapment as carrying a worse prognosis for survival than other strangulating lesions.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Smith, JE
Edwards, GB
French, NP
Date : July 2002
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Cause of Death, Cohort Studies, Colic, Female, Great Britain, Horse Diseases, Horses, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Morbidity, Postoperative Complications, Prevalence, Prognosis, Recurrence, Surveys and Questionnaires, Survival Analysis, Telephone, Time Factors
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:10
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 18:38

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