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Dietary zinc modulates gene expression in murine thymus: results from a comprehensive differential display screening.

Moore, JB, Blanchard, RK and Cousins, RJ (2003) Dietary zinc modulates gene expression in murine thymus: results from a comprehensive differential display screening. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 100 (7). pp. 3883-3888.

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Differential mRNA display was used to comprehensively screen the murine thymic transcriptome for genes modulated in vivo by dietary zinc. A moderate feeding protocol rendered young adult, outbred mice zinc-deficient and zinc-supplemented without alterations in feeding behavior or growth. However, these levels of deficiency and supplementation altered specific mRNA abundances in a manner detectable by differential display. In total, 240 primer-pair combinations were used to generate >48,000 interpretable cDNA bands derived from thymic total RNA, of which only 265 or 0.55% were identified as zinc-modulated under these moderate dietary conditions. The most strongly zinc-modulated cDNAs identified by display were reamplified and sequenced. No cDNAs encoding zinc-metalloenzymes or zinc-finger transcription factors were identified as zinc-modulated in this global screening. Those zinc-regulated genes independently confirmed by quantitative PCR included: heat shock proteins 40 and 60; heat shock cognate 70; histocompatibility 2, class II antigen A, alpha; and the T cell cytokine receptor. In addition, a variety of transcription- and translation-related factors (such as ribosomal proteins L3, L5, and L28; nuclear matrix protein 84; matrin cyclophilin; the H3 histone family 3A protein; beta(2) microglobulin; and a cleavage and polyadenylation factor) were identified as zinc-modulated. These profiling data show that differential expression of genes in the thymus in response to the dietary zinc supply precedes many of the phenotypic effects on thymic function associated with severe zinc restriction or supplementation. Several genes involved in T cell development were identified as regulated by zinc and will be targets to evaluate the effects of zinc on immune function.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Blanchard, RK
Cousins, RJ
Date : 1 April 2003
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0330670100
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Base Sequence, DNA Primers, Diet, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Male, Mice, Models, Biological, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, Ribosomal Proteins, Thymus Gland, Zinc
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:15
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 16:24

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