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Psychometric properties of two measures of psychological well-being in adult growth hormone deficiency.

McMillan, CV, Bradley, C, Gibney, J, Russell-Jones, DL and Sönksen, PH (2006) Psychometric properties of two measures of psychological well-being in adult growth hormone deficiency. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 4.

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BACKGROUND: Psychometric properties of two measures of psychological well-being were evaluated for adults with growth hormone deficiency (GHD): the General Well-being Index, (GWBI)--British version of the Psychological General Well-being Index, and the 12-item Well-being Questionnaire (W-BQ12). METHODS: Reliability, structure and other aspects of validity were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 157 adults with treated or untreated GHD, and sensitivity to change in a randomised placebo-controlled study of three months' growth hormone (GH) withdrawal from 12 of 21 GH-treated adults. RESULTS: Very high completion rates were evidence that both questionnaires were acceptable to respondents. Factor analyses did not indicate the existence of useful GWBI subscales, but confirmed the validity of calculating a GWBI Total score. However, very high internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.96, N = 152), probably indicated some item redundancy in the 22-item GWBI. On the other hand, factor analyses confirmed the validity of the three W-BQ12 subscales of Negative Well-being, Energy, and Positive Well-being, each having excellent internal reliability (alphas of 0.86, 0.86 and 0.88, respectively, N from 152 to 154). There was no sign of item redundancy in the highly acceptable Cronbach's alpha of 0.93 (N = 148) for the whole W-BQ12 scale. Whilst neither questionnaire found significant differences between GH-treated and non-GH-treated patients, there were correlations (for GH-treated patients) with duration of GH treatment for GWBI Total (r = -0.36, p = 0.001, N = 85), W-BQ12 Total (r = 0.35, p = 0.001, N = 88) and for all W-BQ12 subscales: thus the longer the duration of GH treatment (ranging from 0.5 to 10 years), the better the well-being. Both questionnaires found that men had significantly better overall well-being than women. The W-BQ12 was more sensitive to change than the GWBI in the GH-Withdrawal study. A significant between-group difference in change in W-BQ12 Energy scores was found [t(18) = 3.25, p = 0.004, 2-tailed]: patients withdrawn from GH had reduced energy at end-point. The GWBI found no significant change. CONCLUSION: The W-BQ12 is recommended in preference to the GWBI to measure well-being in adult GHD: it is considerably shorter, has three useful subscales, and has greater sensitivity to change.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
McMillan, CV
Bradley, C
Gibney, J
Sönksen, PH
Date : 2006
DOI : 10.1186/1477-7525-4-16
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adult, Age of Onset, Attitude to Health, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Depression, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Female, Health Status Indicators, Hormone Replacement Therapy, Hospitals, Urban, Human Growth Hormone, Humans, London, Male, Mental Fatigue, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Psychometrics, Quality of Life, Substance Withdrawal Syndrome, Surveys and Questionnaires
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:05
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 16:00

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