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Exploring Predictors and Consequences of Embitterment in the Workplace

Cropley, Mark and Michailidis, Evie (2016) Exploring Predictors and Consequences of Embitterment in the Workplace Ergonomics, 60 (9). pp. 1197-1206.

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Research on the feeling of embitterment at work is still in its infancy. The present study investigated the predictors and consequences of the feeling of embitterment at work. It was hypothesised that organisational injustice as well as over-controlling supervision would predict embitterment at work and that embitterment would be associated with work-related rumination. Three hundred and thirty-seven employees completed an online survey. Regression analysis revealed that procedural injustice and over-controlling supervision were significant predictors of embitterment and that embitterment contributed significantly to the prediction of increased affective rumination and reduction in detachment. Mediation analysis indicated that embitterment at work was a significant mechanism through which organisational injustice and over-controlling supervision exerted their effect on affective rumination, which is indicative of insufficient recovery from work. Findings suggest that breaches in organisational justice can generate feelings of embitterment at work, which in turn can interfere with employees’ ability to adequately recover from work. Practitioner Summary: The purpose of this study was to investigate predictors and consequences of embitterment in the workplace, by using an online questionnaire. Findings suggest that perceived unfairness, because of structural and organizational aspects, predict feelings of embitterment and that feeling embittered at work can prevent employees from adequately recovering from work.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Date : 21 November 2016
DOI : 10.1080/00140139.2016.1255783
Copyright Disclaimer : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Ergonomics on 21 November 2016, available online:
Uncontrolled Keywords : Post-traumatic embitterment disorder, organisational justice, work-related rumination, recovery
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 21 Sep 2016 17:06
Last Modified : 16 Jan 2019 17:08

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