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Process for Synthesis of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil: Feasibility and Experimental Studies

Patel, R, Dawson, K, Butterfield, R, Khan, A, Ahada, B and Arellano-Garcia, H (2014) Process for Synthesis of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil: Feasibility and Experimental Studies In: 24th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2014-06-15 - 2014-06-18, Budapest, Hungary.

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Biodiesel has turned out to be an integral part of the discussion of renewable energy sources and has diverse advantages in terms of its flexibility and applicability. Considering the characteristics of the transesterification reaction, a laboratory-scale system has been developed in this work. Waste Vegetable Oil (WVO), mainly sunflower oil, from local sources has been used and the transesterification carried out using methanol in the presence of sodium hydroxide catalyst. Characterisation of the biodiesel produced has been carried out using a number of different techniques including rheology, calorimetry, and gas liquid chromatography. The main factors affecting the % yield of biodiesel are temperature, catalyst, and alcohol to triglyceride ratio. Thus, experimental work has been carried out so as to study the rate and yield of the reaction as a function of those factors. A model has also been developed to validate the experimental data and this should help in increasing the efficiency of these processes and reducing the energy input. Moreover, the novel use of ultrasound as a method of measuring progression of the reaction is correlated with in-situ pH monitoring of the reaction process.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Conference Paper)
Subjects : Chemical Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
Patel, R
Dawson, K
Butterfield, R
Khan, A
Ahada, B
Arellano-Garcia, H
Date : 15 June 2014
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Contributors :
Klemeš, JJ
Varbanov, PS
Liew, PY
Uncontrolled Keywords : Biodiesel, Ultrasound, Transesterification
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 30 Aug 2016 15:15
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:38

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