University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Rethinking the evolution of extant sub-Saharan African suids (Suidae, Artiodactyla)

Gongora, J, Cuddahee, RE, do Nascimento, FF, Palgrave, C, Lowden, S, Ho, SYW, Simond, D, Damayanti, CS, White, DJ, Tay, WT , Randi, E, Klingel, H, Rodrigues-Zarate, CJ, Allen, K, Moran, C and Larson, G Rethinking the evolution of extant sub-Saharan African suids (Suidae, Artiodactyla) Zoologica Scripta, 40.

Text (licence)
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (33kB) | Preview


Although African suids have been of scientific interest for over two centuries, their origin, evolution, phylogeography and phylogenetic relationships remain contentious. There has been a long-running debate concerning the evolution of pigs and hogs (Suidae), particularly regarding the phylogenetic relationships among extant Eurasian and African species of the subfamily Suinae. To investigate these issues, we analysed the mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences of extant genera of Suidae from Eurasia and Africa. Molecular phylogenetic analyses revealed that all extant sub-Saharan African genera form a monophyletic clade separate from Eurasian suid genera, contradicting previous attempts to resolve the Suidae phylogeny. Two major sub-Saharan African clades were identified, with Hylochoerus and Phacochoerus grouping together as a sister clade to Potamochoerus. In addition, we find that the ancestors of extant African suids may have evolved separately from the ancestors of modern day Sus and Porcula in Eurasia before they colonised Africa. Our results provide a revision of the intergeneric relationships within the family Suidae.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Veterinary Medicine
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
Gongora, J
Cuddahee, RE
do Nascimento, FF
Palgrave, C
Lowden, S
Simond, D
Damayanti, CS
White, DJ
Tay, WT
Randi, E
Klingel, H
Rodrigues-Zarate, CJ
Allen, K
Moran, C
Larson, G
Copyright Disclaimer : This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Gongora, J., Cuddahee, R. E., Nascimento, F. F. d., Palgrave, C. J., Lowden, S., Ho, S. Y. W., Simond, D., Damayanti, C. S., White, D. J., Tay, W. T., Randi, E., Klingel, H., Rodrigues-Zarate, C. J., Allen, K., Moran, C. and Larson, G. (2011), Rethinking the evolution of extant sub-Saharan African suids (Suidae, Artiodactyla). Zoologica Scripta, 40: 327–335. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00480.x, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 06 Sep 2016 17:19
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:37

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800