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Climate change impacts on railway structures: bridge scour

Hagen-Zanker, Alex, Dikanski, Hristo, Imam, Boulent and Avery, K (2017) Climate change impacts on railway structures: bridge scour Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability, 170 (5). pp. 237-248.

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Weather-related disruption is a pressing issue for transport infrastructure in the UK, which is expected to aggravate due to climate change. Infrastructure managers, such as Network Rail, need to adapt to these changes, tackling the challenges brought about by wide-ranging uncertainties from various sources. This paper explores the relationship between climate change and bridge scour, identifying barriers to sustainable adaptation. Scour is the removal of riverbed material at bridge foundations due to hydraulic action and is the foremost cause of bridge failure in the UK and worldwide. A model is developed that simulates the causal chain from climate change to scour risk. This is applied to four case study bridges in Wales and the south-west of England, quantifying the effects of climate change and tracing key uncertainties in the process. Results show that the current scour risk models in Network Rail may be insensitive to increases in risk due to climate change. One way to tackle this may be to introduce models to assess absolute risk; current scour risk models are used only for the prioritisation of vulnerable sites.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Civil & Environmental Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
Avery, K
Date : 13 September 2017
DOI : 10.1680/jensu.15.00021
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © ICE Publishing, all rights reserved. This is the author's accepted version.
Uncontrolled Keywords : bridges floods, floodworks weather
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Themed issue on sustainable adaptation – part 2
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 10 Aug 2016 15:25
Last Modified : 16 Jan 2019 17:06

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