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Developing a conceptual model of teenage and young adult experiences of cancer through meta-synthesis

Taylor, RM, Gibson, F, Fern, L, Pearce, S and Whelan, J (2012) Developing a conceptual model of teenage and young adult experiences of cancer through meta-synthesis International Journal of Nursing Studies, 50 (6). pp. 832-846.

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Objectives To systematically identify and analyse published research exploring teenage and young adult experience of cancer to inform the development of a patient-reported outcome survey intended to explore if a correlation exists between specialist cancer care and quality of life for young people with cancer. Design Systematic review and meta-synthesis. Data sources Medline, CINAHL Plus and PsycInfo were searched for literature published between 1987 and 2011. Review methods Search terms included those for: population (e.g. teen, young adult); intervention (e.g. cancer); outcome (e.g. experience); and study type (e.g. qualitative). Inclusion criteria: adolescents and young adults were both represented; diagnosis of cancer; published in English; and used qualitative methods to report an aspect of the cancer experience. Studies were excluded if they were reporting: palliative care experience; secondary data; or proxy views, i.e. parent or health professional perspective. Methodological quality was assessed using Cesario criteria and meta-synthesis involved deconstruction and decontextualising findings to identify common themes. Results Three hundred and fifteen studies were identified, 17 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of these, most (59%), were assessed as being high quality, none were rated poor. Nine common themes were identified: psychosocial function, importance of peers, experience of healthcare, importance of support, impact of symptoms, striving for normality, impact of diagnosis, positive experiences, and financial consequences. Conclusions The conceptual model developed from the meta-synthesis depicts the mediators and consequences of cancer care that impact on young people's quality of life after a cancer diagnosis. The model highlights areas that require further exploration.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Biosciences and Medicine
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
Taylor, RM
Gibson, F
Fern, L
Pearce, S
Whelan, J
Date : 5 October 2012
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.09.011
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 01 Jun 2016 16:48
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 18:21

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