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Numerical simulation of 3D bristle bending in brush seals

Guardino, C and Chew, JW (2004) Numerical simulation of 3D bristle bending in brush seals Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004, 4. pp. 277-288.

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This paper presents a new method for predicting the 3D bending behaviour of bristles in brush seals. The model builds upon and addresses shortcomings in an earlier 2D bending model. The work was motivated by the need to develop a general 3D solid mechanical model which can ultimately be incorporated into CFD models of flow and heat transfer through brush seals. The iterative method considered here, which is based upon linear beam-bending theory, allows relatively large numbers of bristles to be considered with arbitrary imposed aerodynamic forces. Bristle-to-bristle contacts and deflections are considered, as well as shaft and backing ring contacts. The method also allows arbitrary initial bristle packs and lay-angles to be considered, as well as periodic conditions so that the model represents a sector of a brush seal. Other physically important features such as the so-called '3D-splay' and 'inclined prop' effects are also taken into account. The method described here has been incorporated into a new computer code called 'SUBSIS' (Surrey University Brush Seal Iterative Simulator). Example results from this code are presented which show the bending behaviour of initially hexagonally packed brush seals under model imposed pressure loads acting on the bristle tips. The effects of rotor incursions into the bristle pack, increase of the pressure load, and changes in the lay-angle and Young's modulus are also shown. The results illustrate the expected bending behaviour observed in real brush seals. Procedures for coupling SUBSIS with CFD models are also currently under investigation.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors : Guardino, C and Chew, JW
Date : 2004
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:26
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 12:17

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