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On the graphitization of diamond surfaces: the importance of twins

Jungnickel, G, Latham, CD, Heggie, MI and Frauenheim, T (1996) On the graphitization of diamond surfaces: the importance of twins Diamond and Related Materials, 5 (1). pp. 102-112.

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Ab initio total energy calculations reported recently (M.I. Heggie, C.D. Latham, R. Jones and P.R. Briddon, Phys. Rev. B, 50 (1994) 5937) revealed that the tetrahedrally bonded icosahedral C100 molecule decomposed spontaneously into two concentric fullerenes (C20 and C80). This C100 molecule belongs to a series of structures that may be viewed as the diamond analogues of fullerenes (L. Zeger and E. Kaxiras, Phys. Rev. Lett., 70 (1993) 2920). Since these molecules can be seen to be effectively a heavily twinned molecular diamond, their stability is important in the context of investigating the diamond “111” surface where a twin emerges. We present ab initio self-consistent calculations on a rather small C40H36 molecule representing the core of a twin intersecting two diamond “111” surfaces, and compare the results with those obtained with a non-self-consistent density-functional based tight-binding method. Since the latter is also capable of handling larger and periodic models in a molecular dynamics relaxation, we use it to study the graphitization effect as a function of temperature. We find nearly the same ground state for the small molecule which is clearly due to a graphitization, and find strong surface graphitization for a model of 128 carbon atoms at elevated temperatures. At 2700 K the top layer of this periodic model delaminates completely.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemistry
Authors :
Jungnickel, G
Latham, CD
Heggie, MI
Frauenheim, T
Date : January 1996
DOI : 10.1016/0925-9635(96)80012-4
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 14 Jan 2013 09:35
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:55

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