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Physical properties and culture-specific factors as principles of semantic categorisation of the Gújjolaay Eegimaa noun class system

Sagna, S (2012) Physical properties and culture-specific factors as principles of semantic categorisation of the Gújjolaay Eegimaa noun class system Cognitive Linguistics, 23 (1). pp. 129-163.

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This paper investigates the semantic bases of class membership in the noun class system of Gújjolaay Eegimaa (Eegimaa henceforth), a Niger-Congo and Atlantic language of the BAK group spoken in Southern Senegal. The question of whether semantic principles underlie the overt classification of nouns in Niger-Congo languages is a controversial one. There is a common perception of Niger-Congo noun class systems as being mainly semantically arbitrary. The goal of the present paper is to show that physical properties and culturespecific factors are central principles of semantic categorisation in the Eegimaa noun class system. I argue that the Eegimaa overt grammatical classification of nouns into classes is a semantic categorisation system whereby categories are structured according to prototypicality, family resemblance, metaphorical and metonymic extensions and chaining processes, as argued within the framework of Cognitive Linguistics. I show that the categorisation of entities in the Eegimaa nominal classification system productively makes use of physical properties such as shape as well as using culture-specific, less productive parameters for the semantic categorisation of entities denoted by nouns. The analysis proposed here also shows that the cases of multiple morphosyntactic classifications of nouns reflect multiple conceptual categorisation strategies. A detailed examination of the formal and semantic instances of multiple classification reveals the existence of conceptual correlations between the physical properties and the culture-specific semantic parameters of categorisation used in the Eegimaa noun class system. © Walter de Gruyter.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Literature and Languages > English > Surrey Morphology Group
Authors :
Sagna, S
Date : February 2012
DOI : 10.1515/cog-2012-0005
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Copyright Walter deGruyter 2012. Published in Cognitive Linguistics 23(1):129-163, 2012. DOI: 10.1515/cog-2012-0005
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 01 Mar 2013 13:00
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:55

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