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Time, gender and carbon: A study of the carbon implications of British adults' use of time

Druckman, A, Buck, I, Hayward, B and Jackson, T (2012) Time, gender and carbon: A study of the carbon implications of British adults' use of time Ecological Economics, 84. pp. 153-163.

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In order to meet the UK's challenging greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets, behaviour change will be necessary in addition to changes in technology. Traditionally this has been approached from the angle of shifting the goods people purchase towards lower impact options. But an equally valid angle is through changing the way people use their time. This study explores the GHG emissions per unit time for different types of activities. It focuses on ‘non-work’ time, and examines how different activities, such as household chores and leisure pursuits, give rise to varying amounts of household carbon emissions. We do this first for an average British adult, and then examine how time use varies within households, and how this impacts on resulting carbon emissions. We find, for example, that leisure activities are generally associated with lower carbon emissions than non-leisure activities, and that a higher proportion of an average man's carbon footprint is due to leisure than an average woman's. In the discussion we explore the implications of our findings for the varying roles carried out within different types of household, we investigate the concept of carbon as a potential marker for social justice, and discuss the implications for work-time reduction policies.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environmental Strategy
Authors :
Druckman, A
Buck, I
Hayward, B
Jackson, T
Date : December 2012
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.09.008
Additional Information : Copyright 2012 Elsevier.NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Ecological Economics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Ecological Economics, 84, pp 153-163 December 2012, DOI 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.09.008.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 27 Nov 2012 14:37
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:53

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