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On avoiding framing effects in experienced decision makers.

Garcia-Retamero, R and Dhami, MK (2012) On avoiding framing effects in experienced decision makers. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

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The present study aimed to (a) demonstrate the effect of positive-negative framing on experienced criminal justice decision makers, (b) examine the debiasing effect of visually structured risk messages, and (c) investigate whether risk perceptions mediate the debiasing effect of visual aids on decision making. In two phases, 60 senior police officers estimated the accuracy of a counterterrorism technique in identifying whether a known terror suspect poses an imminent danger and decided whether they would recommend the technique to policy makers. Officers also rated their confidence in this recommendation. When information about the effectiveness of the counterterrorism technique was presented in a numerical format, officers' perceptions of accuracy and recommendation decisions were susceptible to the framing effect: The technique was perceived to be more accurate and was more likely to be recommended when its effectiveness was presented in a positive than in a negative frame. However, when the information was represented visually using icon arrays, there were no such framing effects. Finally, perceptions of accuracy mediated the debiasing effect of visual aids on recommendation decisions. We offer potential explanations for the debiasing effect of visual aids and implications for communicating risk to experienced, professional decision makers.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Garcia-Retamero, R
Dhami, MK
Date : 25 October 2012
DOI : 10.1080/17470218.2012.727836
Related URLs :
Additional Information : This is an electronic version of an article published as Garcia-Retamero R, Dhami M.K. (2012). On avoiding framing effects in experienced decision makers. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 Oct 2012. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2012.727836 Available online at:
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 01 Feb 2013 16:58
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:51

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