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Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, Research, Applications, and Future.

Smillie, LD, Loxton, NJ and Avery, RE (2011) Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, Research, Applications, and Future. In: The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 1444334387

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In this chapter we review the approach-avoidance process theory of personality proposed by Jeffrey Alan Gray (1970, 1973), now widely known as reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST). We begin by placing RST in the broader context of theory and research concerning approach and avoidance motivation. We then provide a snapshot of the animal research upon which the brain-behavior systems of RST were based. Next we discuss the vexed issue of how these systems might manifest themselves in personality space, and we review the latest empirical tests of RST as an explanation of personality variation. Finally, we consider applications of RST beyond personality: specifically, we review current opinion on the relevance of RST to psychopathology and clinical dysfunction and the potential for RST to underlie achievement motivation in learning and performance contexts. We conclude by looking to the future and highlighting a major challenge that we believe RST now faces.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Smillie, LD
Loxton, NJ
Avery, RE
Editors :
Chamorro-Premuzic, T
Stumm, SV
Furnham, A
Date : 3 May 2011
Uncontrolled Keywords : Psychology
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 12 Dec 2012 16:05
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:46

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