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Quantifying ‘geographic proximity’: Experiences from the United Kingdom's National Industrial Symbiosis Programme

Jensen, PD, Basson, L, Hellawell, E, Bailey, MR and Leach, M (2011) Quantifying ‘geographic proximity’: Experiences from the United Kingdom's National Industrial Symbiosis Programme Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55 (7). pp. 703-712.

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Geographic proximity is said to be a key characteristic of the resource reuse and recycling practice known as industrial symbiosis. To date, however, proximity of symbiont companies has remained an abstract characteristic. By conducting a statistical analysis of synergies facilitated by the United Kingdom's National Industrial Symbiosis Programme during their first five years of operation, this article attempts to quantify geographic proximity and in the process provide practitioners with an insight into the movement trends of different waste streams. Among other it was found that the median distance materials travelled within a symbiotic relationship is 20.4 miles. It is argued that quantitative information of this form is of practical value for the effective deployment of industrial symbiosis practitioners and wider resource efficiency planning. The results and discussion presented within this article are specific to industrial symbiosis opportunities facilitated within the United Kingdom; the methodology and assessment of resource movement influences are, however, expected to be relevant to all countries in which industrial activity is similarly mature and diversified.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environmental Strategy
Authors :
Jensen, PD
Basson, L
Hellawell, E
Bailey, MR
Leach, M
Date : 21 March 2011
DOI : 10.1016/j.resconrec.2011.02.003
Additional Information : NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Resources, Conservation and Recycling. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55(7), May 2011, DOI 10.1016/j.resconrec.2011.02.003.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 15 Dec 2011 11:25
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:20

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