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A study of Hassawi rice (Oryza sativa L.) in terms of its carbohydrate hydrolysis in vitro and glycaemic and insulinaemic indices in vivo

Al-Mssallem, Muneera, Hampton, Shelagh M, Frost, Gary S and Brown, Jonathan (2011) A study of Hassawi rice (Oryza sativa L.) in terms of its carbohydrate hydrolysis in vitro and glycaemic and insulinaemic indices in vivo European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 65 (5). pp. 627-634.

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Background/Objectives: A high prevalence of Type 2 diabetes exists in Saudi Arabia. Epidemiological evidence suggests that low glycaemic index (GI) diets reduce diabetes risk. Yet, little is known about the GI of traditional Saudi Arabian staples such as Hassawi rice (HR). HR was evaluated in terms of its GI and insulinaemic indices (II). Comparisons were made in vitro assessing glucose released enzymatically. A long grain rice variety available in both the UK and Saudi was studied as a comparison. Subjects/Methods: For GI and II measurements, HR, Uncle Ben’s rice (UBR) and a standard glucose solution were consumed by healthy subjects (n=13) on 7 randomised occasions. Capillary bloods were collected at specific times over 2 h after food intake. FAO/WHO protocols were employed to determine GI and II. For the in vitro studies, cooked rice was incubated with hydrolytic enzymes under standardised conditions. Samples were taken at t=20 &amp; t=120 min and rapidly available glucose (RAG) and slowly available glucose (SAG) were computed. Results: Values of RAG and SAG were lower for HR compared to their respective values for UBR (p<0.001 &amp; p=0.011, respectively). However, no significant difference was observed for GI (p>0.05) despite a lower insulin response noted for HR (p=0.007). Conclusions: HR had a similar GI to UBR although a lower insulin response was evident. RAG and SAG values were different for the two rice varieties despite similar GI values. These differences may be important in terms of their metabolic impact and outcome on diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine > Department of Nutritional Sciences
Authors :
Al-Mssallem, Muneera
Hampton, Shelagh
Frost, Gary
Date : May 2011
Funders : King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia, NIHR, Biological Research Centre at Imperial College Health Care Academy
DOI : 10.1038/ejcn.2011.4
Additional Information : This is an electronic version of an article published in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 65(5) (2011), DOI10.1038/ejcn.2011.4 . Link to the published version: published version.
Depositing User : Jonathan Brown
Date Deposited : 14 Mar 2012 08:52
Last Modified : 06 Jul 2019 05:09

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