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Electron field emission from a single carbon nanotube: Effects of anode location

Smith, RC, Cox, David and Silva, S (2005) Electron field emission from a single carbon nanotube: Effects of anode location APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 87 (10), 103112.


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Electron field emission from an isolated carbon nanotube (CNT) was performed in situ in a modified scanning electron microscope, over a range of anode to CNT tip separations, D, of 1-60 mu m. The threshold field required for an emission current of 100 nA was seen to decrease from a value of 42 V mu m(-1) at an anode to CNT tip separation of 1 mu m, asymptotically, to approach 4 V mu m(-1) at a separation of 60 mu m. It is proposed that at low D, the electric field enhancement factor (beta) reduces as the anode electrode approaches the CNT mimicking a parallel plate configuration. Under "far field" conditions, where D > 3 h, where h is the CNT height, the CNT enhancement factor is no longer dependant on D, as shown by the asymptotic behavior of the threshold field, and is purely a factor of the CNT height and radius. For each CNT to tip separation, measured emission current data together with the threshold field and enhancement, are consistent with a Fowler-Nordheim analysis for the far field conditions, and dispels the need for a novel emission mechanism to explain the results as has been proposed recently. (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Advanced Technology Institute > Nano-Electronics Centre
Authors :
Date : 5 September 2005
DOI : 10.1063/1.2041824
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2005 AIP Publishing
Uncontrolled Keywords : Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Physics, Applied, Physics, FILMS
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Mr Adam Field
Date Deposited : 27 May 2010 14:06
Last Modified : 06 Jul 2019 05:06

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