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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Veterinarians Towards Antimicrobial Resistance and Stewardship in Nigeria

Adekanye, Usman O., Ekiri, Abel Bulamu, Galipo, Erika, Muhammad, Abubakar Bala, Mateus, Ana and La Ragione, Roberto M. (2020) Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Veterinarians Towards Antimicrobial Resistance and Stewardship in Nigeria Antibiotics.

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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health concern and the inappropriate use of antibiotics in animals and humans are considered contributing factors. A cross-sectional survey to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of veterinarians regarding AMR and antimicrobial stewardship was conducted in Nigeria. A total of 241 respondents completed an online survey. Only 21% of respondents correctly defined the term antimicrobial stewardship and 59.8% were unaware of the guidelines provided by the Nigeria AMR National Action Plan. Over half (51%) of respondents indicated that prophylactic antibiotic use was appropriate when farm biosecurity was poor. Only 20% of the respondents conducted antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) frequently, and the unavailability of veterinary laboratory services (82%) and the owner’s inability to pay (72%) were reported as key barriers to conducting AST. The study findings suggest a focus on the following areas of potential intervention may be useful in improving appropriate antibiotic use and antimicrobial stewardship among veterinarians in Nigeria: increased awareness of responsible antimicrobial use among practicing and new graduated veterinarians, increased dissemination of 33 regularly updated antibiotic use guidelines, increased understanding of the role of good biosecurity 34 and vaccination practices in disease prevention, and increased provision of AST at affordable costs.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
Adekanye, Usman O.
Ekiri, Abel
Muhammad, Abubakar Bala
Mateus, Ana
La Ragione, Roberto
Date : 24 July 2020
Funders : University of Surrey, Africa 545 Livestock Productivity and Health Advancement (ALPHA) Initiative,, Bill & Melinda Gates 546 Foundation, Zoetis
Grant Title : BMGF Grant
Uncontrolled Keywords : antibiotic; antimicrobial resistance; veterinary; animal health; Africa
Additional Information : Embargo OK Metadata Pending
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 24 Jul 2020 10:28
Last Modified : 24 Jul 2020 10:28

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