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Compact Source-Gated Transistor Analog Circuits for Ubiquitous Sensors

Bestelink, Eva, Niang, Kham M., Bairaktaris, George, Maiolo, Luca, Maita, Francesco, Ali, Kalil, Flewitt, Andrew J., Silva, Ravi and Sporea, Radu (2020) Compact Source-Gated Transistor Analog Circuits for Ubiquitous Sensors IEEE Sensors.

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Abstract

Silicon-based digital electronics have evolved over decades through an aggressive scaling process following Moore’s law with increasingly complex device structures. Simultaneously, large-area electronics have continued to rely on the same field-effect transistor structure with minimal evolution. This limitation has resulted in less than ideal circuit designs, with increased complexity to account for shortcomings in material properties and process control. At present, this situation is holding back the development of novel systems required for printed and flexible electronic applications beyond the Internet of Things. In this work we demonstrate the opportunity offered by the source-gated transistor’s unique properties for low-cost, highly functional large-area applications in two extremely compact circuit blocks. Polysilicon common-source amplifiers show 49 dB gain, the highest reported for a twotransistor unipolar circuit. Current mirrors fabricated in polysilicon and InGaZnO have, in addition to excellent current copying performance, the ability to control the temperature dependence (degrees of positive, neutral or negative) of output current solely by choice of relative transistor geometry, giving further flexibility to the design engineer. Application examples are proposed, including local amplification of sensor output for improved signal integrity, as well as temperature-regulated delay stages and timing circuits for homeostatic operation in future wearables. Numerous applications will benefit from these highly competitive compact circuit designs with robust performance, improved energy efficiency and tolerance to geometrical variations: sensor front-ends, temperature sensors, pixel drivers, bias analog blocks and high-gain amplifiers.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Bestelink, Evae.bestelink@surrey.ac.uk
Niang, Kham M.
Bairaktaris, Georgeg.bairaktaris@surrey.ac.uk
Maiolo, Luca
Maita, Francesco
Ali, Kalil
Flewitt, Andrew J.
Silva, RaviS.Silva@surrey.ac.uk
Sporea, RaduR.A.Sporea@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 18 July 2020
Funders : Royal Academy of Engineering of Great Britain, Royal Society of Great Britain, EPSRC
Grant Title : Royal Academy of Engineering of Great Britain
Copyright Disclaimer : © XXXX IEEE
Uncontrolled Keywords : Analog electronics, contact barriers, Schottky barrier, source-gated transistors, thin-film transistors
Additional Information : Embargo OK Metadata Pending
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 20 Jul 2020 14:27
Last Modified : 20 Jul 2020 14:36
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/858247

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