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Three dimensional numerical investigations of combustion and emissions characteristics of a novel small scale opposed rotary piston engine fuelled with hydrogen at wide open throttle conditions

Gao, Jianbing, Tian, Guohong, Ma, Chaochen, Balasubramanian, Dhinesh and Xing, Shikai (2020) Three dimensional numerical investigations of combustion and emissions characteristics of a novel small scale opposed rotary piston engine fuelled with hydrogen at wide open throttle conditions Energy Conversion and Management.

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Abstract

Popularisations of hybrid vehicles and range extender electric vehicles promote the development of high power density and small scale internal combustion engines. Opposed rotary piston (ORP)engines characteri s ed by compact designs, few moving parts and high power density are an ideal power source for the above mentioned vehicles. Due to the short cyclic period of the ORP engine, hydrogen fuel was applied to decrease the combustion duration This paper investigate d the in cylinder combustion and emission s characteristics of the hydrogen fuelled ORP engine using 3D numerical simulation method at various engine speeds and full load conditions. In cylinder pressure evolutions, heat release rates, nitrogen monoxide (NO) formations, and power density were analysed to evaluate the engine performance The results indicated that volumetric efficiency of this ORP engine was higher than 88.3 for all the given scenarios , being benefited from large area of intake ports . Peak in cylinder pressure decreased significantly with engine speed s which was mainly resulted fr om low fuel mass burn fraction before top dead centre (TDC) for high engine speed conditions. As long as the combustion chambers passed TDC, combustion flame propagated from the bowls into the gaps between end faces of adjacent pistons rapidly. In the exhaust stroke,free discharge process of this ORP engine last ed longer duration than reciprocating engines, which would lead to more energy loss es . NO was mainly formed after TDC, with the accumulated NO mass being in the range of 0. 0 7 mg ~ 5 mg per cycle per cylinder in the engine speed range of 1000~5000 r/min . Maximum power density and NO emission s factor of this engine fuelled with hydrogen was approximately 69.2 kW·L 1 and 10.60 g·(kW·h) 1 , Indicated thermal efficiency dropped from 36.2 to 26.5% when the engine speed increased from 1000 to 5000 r/min

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Gao, Jianbing
Tian, Guohongg.tian@surrey.ac.uk
Ma, Chaochen
Balasubramanian, Dhinesh
Xing, Shikai
Date : 7 July 2020
Funders : EPSRC, Hibei Natural Science Foundation Project, Key Scientific and Technological Research Projects of Colleges, Technology Innovation Pre-Research
Uncontrolled Keywords : opposed rotary piston engine; hydrogen fuel; combustion process; in cylinder pressure; NO emissions
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 09 Jul 2020 14:55
Last Modified : 09 Jul 2020 14:55
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/858169

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