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NetDiff – Bayesian model selection for differential gene regulatory network inference

Thorne, Tom (2016) NetDiff – Bayesian model selection for differential gene regulatory network inference Scientific Reports, 6, 39224.

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Differential networks allow us to better understand the changes in cellular processes that are exhibited in conditions of interest, identifying variations in gene regulation or protein interaction between, for example, cases and controls, or in response to external stimuli. Here we present a novel methodology for the inference of differential gene regulatory networks from gene expression microarray data. Specifically we apply a Bayesian model selection approach to compare models of conserved and varying network structure, and use Gaussian graphical models to represent the network structures. We apply a variational inference approach to the learning of Gaussian graphical models of gene regulatory networks, that enables us to perform Bayesian model selection that is significantly more computationally efficient than Markov Chain Monte Carlo approaches. Our method is demonstrated to be more robust than independent analysis of data from multiple conditions when applied to synthetic network data, generating fewer false positive predictions of differential edges. We demonstrate the utility of our approach on real world gene expression microarray data by applying it to existing data from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases with and without mutations in C9orf72, and controls, where we are able to identify differential network interactions for further investigation.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Computer Science
Authors :
Date : 16 December 2016
Funders : Edmond J. Safra Foundation
DOI : 10.1038/srep39224
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Author(s) 2016. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 10:43
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 10:43

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